Usually when you name a range, the name is at the workbook level, meaning that one name refers to a specified range on a specified worksheet wherever it is used in the workbook. Once the name has been used, it cannot be used again to represent a range on another worksheet. There is a way around this, however.
Assume you have a workbook with three worksheets. These three worksheets are simply named Sheet1, Sheet2, and Sheet3. You want to have a named range called MyRange (this can be any legitimate name) that will refer to the range Sheet1 A1:A10 when on Sheet1, Sheet2 A1:A10 when on Sheet2, and Sheet3 A1:A10 when on Sheet3.
To do this, activate Sheet1, select the range A1:A10, and then click in the Name box, as you did in [Address Data By Name]. Type
Sheet1!MyRange and then press Enter. Do the same for Sheet2 and Sheet3, typing
Now activate any sheet and click the drop arrow on the Name box. You should see only one occurrence of the name MyRange. Select this and you will be taken directly to the range A1:A10. Now activate any other sheet and do the same. You always will be taken to the range A1:A10 of that sheet.
You can do this because you preceded the name with the sheet name followed by
! (an exclamation mark). If you select Insert » Name » Define, you will see only one name: the one that refers to the currently active sheet.
If your worksheet name includes spaces, you cannot simply refer to the range Sheet1 A1:A10 as
Sheet1!MyRange. Instead, you must call it
1'!MyRange, putting a single apostrophe around the word Sheet1. In fact, you also can use single apostrophes with a worksheet name with no spaces, so it is a good idea to always use single apostrophes when referring to worksheet names to cover all your bases.
You can use a relative reference named range as well. By default, named ranges are absolute, but you do not have to leave them this way. Try the following.
Select cell A11 on any worksheet and then select Insert » Name » Define. In the Names in Workbook: box, type
MyNumbers. In the Refers To: box, type
=A$1:A$10 and then click Add, then OK.
Now enter the number
1 in cell A1. Select cell A1, move your cursor to the fill handle, and press the left mouse button. While holding down the Ctrl key, drag down to cell A10. Holding down the Ctrl key with a single number will cause Excel to create a list incremented by 1.
1 in cell B1 and drag down to cell B10, without holding down the Ctrl key this time. Into cell A11, enter the following formula:
In cell B11, enter this formula:
You should get
10, respectively, because cell A11 was active when you selected Insert » Name » Define and referred the range name to A$1:A$10, which is a relative column and absolute row named range.
The dollar sign (
$) forces any range to be absolute.
When you use the name
MyNumbers in a formula, it always will refer to the 10 cells immediately above the formula. If you use
=SUM(MyNumbers) in cell A11 of another worksheet, it still will refer to cells A1:A10 on the sheet that was active when you originally created the range name.
Suppose you want to simplify the summing of the 10 cells mentioned earlier. Select cell A11 on any worksheet. Select Insert » Name » Define and type
MySum in the Name box. Then, in the Refers To: box, type the following:
Click Add, then OK. Now enter the number
1 in cell A1. Select cell A1, move your cursor to the fill handle, and press the left mouse button. Hold down the Ctrl key and drag down to cell A10. Once you've done that, enter
1 in cell B1, and drag down to cell B10 without holding down the Ctrl key.
In cell A11, enter the following formula:
In cell B11, enter this formula:
You will get the same results you got before, but without requiring the
SUM function. Mixing up the absolute and relative references and nesting a few functions together can be very handy and can save a lot of work.