For instance, take a look at
php.ini. Here is a (modified) excerpt from the default
php.ini that shows very well the structure of INI files:
[mail function] ; For Win32 only. ; SMTP = localhost ; For Unix only. You may supply arguments as well (default: "sendmail -t -i"). sendmail_path =
So, there are sections that start with a section headline in square brackets, comments that start with a semicolon, and settings in the format
name=value. The PHP function
parse_ini_file() now reads in such a PHP file and creates an array out of it: Each section is a subarray, and within those subarrays you find the names and the values of directives in the INI file. The code at the beginning of This does this (remember to change the path to
php.ini, if appropriate), and figure shows the output.
Reading Information from INI Files
<?php echo '<xmp>' . print_r(parse_ini_file('php.ini', true), true) . '</xmp>'; ?>
The contents of
php.ini as a multidimensional array (
If you want to avoid the grouping by sections in the INI file, just omit the second parameter
parse_ini_file(); then, you get all settings at once.