# Set up an authenticated directory <Directory "/usr/local/apache/htdocs/auth"> AuthType Basic AuthName "Secret Mens Business" AuthUserFile /usr/local/apache/allow.users require Alexa, dave, jim </Directory>
If PHP scripts and other sensitive resources are placed within a protected directory, a user can access the application only by first passing the Apache authentication. The Apache server responds with a challenge to unauthorized requests for any resources in the protected directory. The
AuthType is set to
Basic to indicate the method that encodes the username and password collected from the browser, and the
AuthName is set to the name of the realm. Apache authorizes users who are listed in the
require setting by checking the username and password against those held in the
AuthUserFile. There are other parameters that aren't discussed here; you should refer to the Apache references listed in Appendix E for full configuration details.
For simple web database applications, Apache authentication provides a suitable solution. When usernames and passwords need to be checked against a database or some other source, or when HTTP authentication can't meet the needs of the application, authentication can be managed by PHP. The next section describes how PHP can manage HTTP authentication directly without configuring Apache. Later, in Section 9.4, we describe how to provide authentication without using HTTP authentication support.