By default Excel starts the week based on the first date found in the data. This means that the default week would run from Tuesday January 1, 2006 through Monday December 31, 2007. You can override this by changing the Start parameter from true to an actual date. Use the WeekDay function to determine how many days to adjust the start date.
There is one limitation to grouping by week. When you group by week, you cannot also group by any other measure. It is not valid to group by week and quarter.
Listing 5 creates the report shown in Figure 17.
Listing 5. The Code Used to Group by Week Must Figure Out the Monday Nearest the Start ofYour Data
Sub ReportByWeek() Dim WSD As Worksheet Dim PTCache As PivotCache Dim PT As PivotTable Dim PRange As Range Dim FinalRow As Long Set WSD = Worksheets("PivotTable") Dim WSR As Worksheet ' Delete any prior pivot tables For Each PT In WSD.PivotTables PT.TableRange2.Clear Next PT ' Define input area and set up a Pivot Cache FinalRow = WSD.Cells(Application.Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).Row FinalCol = WSD.Cells(1, Application.Columns.Count). _ End(xlToLeft).Column Set PRange = WSD.Cells(1, 1).Resize(FinalRow, FinalCol) Set PTCache = ActiveWorkbook.PivotCaches.Add(SourceType:= _ xlDatabase, SourceData:=PRange.Address) ' Create the Pivot Table from the Pivot Cache Set PT = PTCache.CreatePivotTable(TableDestination:=WSD. _ Cells(2, FinalCol + 2), TableName:="PivotTable1") ' Turn off updating while building the table PT.ManualUpdate = True ' Set up the row fields PT.AddFields RowFields:="In Balance Date", ColumnFields:="Region" ' Set up the data fields With PT.PivotFields("Revenue") .Orientation = xlDataField .Function = xlSum .Position = 1 .NumberFormat = "#,##0" End With ' Ensure that you get zeroes instead of blanks in the data area PT.NullString = "0" ' Calc the pivot table to allow the date label to be drawn PT.ManualUpdate = False PT.ManualUpdate = True ' Group Date by Week. 'Figure out the first Monday before the minimum date FirstDate = PT.PivotFields("In Balance Date").LabelRange. _ Offset(1, 0).Value WhichDay = Weekday(FirstDate, 3) StartDate = FirstDate - WhichDay PT.PivotFields("In Balance Date").LabelRange.Group _ Start:=StartDate, End:=True, By:=7, _ Periods:=Array(False, False, False, True, False, False, False) ' Calc the pivot table PT.ManualUpdate = False PT.ManualUpdate = True End Sub
17. Use the Number of Days setting to group by week.